Rock Climbing is an adventure activity or sport in which participants climb in natural rocks and artificial rock walls with the help of rope and special equipment. The equipment depends on the route. In this activity participants reach their goals without fall. Rock climbing is a physically and mentally demanding activity. This is the best activity to check participants' strength, endurance, agility and balance along with mental control. There are many types of climbing available in many different places like bouldering, sport climbing, trade climbing etc.
It can be a dangerous sport and knowledge of proper climbing techniques and usage of specialized climbing equipment is crucial for the safe completion of routes. Because of the wide range and variety of rock formations around the world, rock climbing has been separated into several different styles and sub-disciplines.
Indoor climbing refers to any type of rock climbing that occurs within the confines of a building or other structure, generally on specially constructed fake rock walls. This allows rovers to climb no matter the time of day or condition of weather. Indoor climbing is frequently used for improving climbing skills and techniques, as well as for general exercise.
The exact origins of rock climbing, like numerous sports, are unclear. Although rock climbing was an important part of Puritanical mountaineering in the Mounts, it's generally believed that it was a recreational activity in France, Italy and England at the end of the 19th century. Rock climbing gradually developed and evolved from an alpine necessity to a specialized and athletic sport in its own right.
The popularity of climbing led to the creation of the world's first mountaineering club in 1857 called the Alpine Club. This club expanded their ideals of climbing internationally and led to fundamental changes in the equipment that helped revolutionize the sport. In 1910, German and Italian trekkers developed a series of rope running ways, pitons and carabiners.
These advanced technology changes led to impossible climbs becoming possible, and by the
1920s enabled mountaineering expeditions to set off to climbing venues throughout the world. It wasn't until the 1950s that rock climbing moved from a recreational pastime to a sport in its own right. The same decade saw the first ever planned overnight climbs being completed.
Climbing competitions were first organized in the former USSR in the late 1940s. Still, it wasn't until 1985 that an Italian sport journalist gathered a group of the stylish rovers for an event called SportRoccia. This was to be the first organized competition for the new period of modern sport climbing and in 1991, the first World Championship was organized in Frankfurt, Germany.
In 2011, the International Olympic Committee Executive Board included sport climbing on the shortlist (with seven other sports) as a possible new event for the 2020 Olympic Games. Still, in this round it proved to be unsuccessful.